National Sections of the L5I:

Second International

Rosa Luxemburg - Revolutionary fighter

"In Rosa Luxemburg the socialist idea was a dominating and powerful passion of both heart and brain, a truly creative passion which burned ceaselessly. The great task and the over-powering ambition of this astonishing woman was to prepare the way for social revolution, to clear the path of history for socialism. To experience the revolution, to fight its battles, that was the highest happiness for her. With a will, determination, selflessness and devotion for which words are too weak, she consecrated her whole like and her whole being to socialism, not only in her tragic death, but throughout her whole like, daily and hourly, through the struggles of many years. She was the sharp sword, the living flame of the revolution." Clara Zetkin. Read more...

1907: First Youth International

In the global movement against the war in Iraq, young people, in their hundreds of thousands have taken to the streets and led the way with militant direct action against the war. Yet, on the official organisational committees of the anti-war and anti-capitalist movement they are a tiny minority. In response, many young people are starting to discuss the need to build a new youth international. Jeremy Dewar draws the lessons we can learn from the first youth international. Read more...

1889: The Second International

The Early Years
The Second International ended the national isolation of socialist organisations after the collapse of the First International (1864-1874). During this period powerful socialist parties in many European countries - particularly the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) - had emerged. Read more...

Reformism breaks the International

Sean Murray looks at the history of the Second International and draws the lessons for what kind of International we need today Read more...

The murder of Luxemburg and Liebknecht

Eighty years ago, on the night of 15 January 1919, two great socialist revolutionaries died. Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht were brutally murdered by paramilitaries, acting on the orders of the German social democratic government. Lesley Day commemorates the anniversary of Luxemburg and Liebknecht’s death by analysing their contribution to the Marxist tradition. Read more...

The Pope of Marxism

Dave Stocking reviews Karl Kautsky by Dick Geary (Manchester University Press 1987, 146pp, £4.95) Read more...

Party and Programme: from communism to social democracy - Part 1

In the 1970s, Dave Hughes, a founder member of Workers Power and the Movement for a Revolutionary Communist International, wrote a series of articles on party and programme to explain the importance of programme in Marx, Engels and Lenin. Part one deals with the debate in Germany during Marx's lifetime Read more...