National Sections of the L5I:

History

The Hunger Strikes: 25 years on

This year marks the 25th Anniversary of the Irish Hunger Strikes. In 1981, 10 Irish Republican prisoners fasted to death in order to win political status for themselves and their comrades in British jails. Read more...

The birth of the Labour Party

In February 1906 the Labour Representation Committee won 29 seats at the general election. It promptly changed its name to the Labour Party. Dave Stockton draws the lessons from its founding years Read more...

1905 and the Origin of the Theory of Permanent Revolution

The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a titanic event that shaped the 20th century and the history of the working class movement. It set the pattern for the many revolutions of the twentieth century. Within a few years it had revolutionary repercussions from Mexico to China. In central and western Europe, it provoked a radicalisation of the trade union movement and inspired the struggle for bourgeois democracy. Even in ultra-conservative Britain, it was warmly welcomed in the newly formed Labour Party, inspired the women's suffrage movement and contributed to the rise of syndicalism in the trade unions. Here, Richard Brenner and Dave Stocking examine its impact on the international revolutionary movement itself and, in particular, the development of the theory of permanent revolution. Read more...

The battle of Seattle

Seattle, 30 November 1999, was a defining moment for the global anticapitalist movement. This was day the movement, which had been growing over the previous five years, finally became conscious of its power. Read more...

Industrial Workers of the World: one big union

Mark Hoskisson looks at the history of the Industrial Workers of the World one hundred years on from its foundation Read more...

The Great Miners’ Strike, 1984-85

Two decades have passed since the British miners launched a strike to defend their pits from a huge closure programme. The strike turned into one of the most decisive economic and political struggles of the twentieth century. Mark Hoskisson looks back at this contest between the British state and the thousands of working class men and women, whom the Tory prime minister of the time, Margaret Thatcher, famously described as “the enemy within”. Read more...

Did Leninism lead to Stalinism?

The idea that Lenin led to Stalin has been the subject of many a school history essay. Stalin certainly succeeded Lenin as leader of the Russian Communist Party. But is there something within Leninism which led inexorably to the horrors of Stalinism? Read more...

Toussaint L'Ouverture and the Haitian Revolution

Haiti has just celebrated the 200th anniversary of the revolution that brought about its existence as a formally independent state. Anyone who wishes to study this revolution can still do no better than to turn to a classic of Marxism, Trotskyism and Black Liberation: The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution Read more...

Reformism breaks the International

Sean Murray looks at the history of the Second International and draws the lessons for what kind of International we need today Read more...

Votes for Women: socialists and feminists in the suffrage movement

In 1903 the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) was founded. The WSPU became the militant wing of a mass movement of women fighting for the vote. Within this organisation many of the direct action tactics used today were first developed. Kirstie Paton and Stuart King explain the origins of the movement and the divergence of the two wings of the WSPU: the socialists and the feminists. Read more...